PAN Card is a Permanent Account Number which consists of 10-digit alphanumeric characters and is assigned to all taxpayers in India. It is issued under the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 by the Indian Income Tax Department under the supervision of the Central Board for Direct Taxes (CBDT).
Basically, PAN card is an electronic system in which all the tax related information of a person or company is recorded against a single PAN number. Let us tell you that two tax paying entities can’t have the same PAN Card. For major financial transaction PAN card is mandatory like for opening a bank account, sale or purchase of assets etc. That is why PAN card provides the details of the account holder in a unique way.
Out of these 10 digits of PAN card: the first five figures represents alphabets, next four digits are numbers and the last number is again an alphabet. All these digits have some meaning and reveal the information of the account holder.
For better understanding of the classification we have divided 10 characters of PAN card into five parts as follows:
(1) First three Characters:
The first three characters are normal alphabetic series starting from AAA to ZZZ. Department of I.T allocates the digits randomly which is a combination of the letters like AZT or ZRT.
(2) Fourth Character:
The fourth character represents the status of the PAN card holder. It is one of the most important character and those who deals in PAN card usually look at this character to identify the status of that particular person. The fourth character for a majority of PAN holders is the letter “P”, which stands for “person”. The other nine letters that can represent the fourth character are C, H, F, A, T, B, L, J, and G.
These letters stands for:
C – Company
H – Hindu Undivided Family
F – Firm
A – Association of Persons
T – Trust
B – Body of Individuals
L – Local Authority
J – Artificial Juridical Person
G – Government
(3) Fifth Character:
The fifth character represents the first alphabet of PAN holder’s last name or surname. Like a person has Amit Goyal name then G will be the fifth character on his PAN card because his last name’s first alphabet is G. Also, if your surname changes after marriage or due to any other reason, then also your PAN card number will remain unchanged.
(4) Sixth to Ninth characters:
These four characters are sequential numbers starting from 0001 to 9999. Like first three characters, here too the selection is random.
(5) Tenth Character:
The last or Tenth character in the PAN card is an alphabetic check digit which can be any alphabet.
PAN card also consists of:
Name of cardholder – Individual or Company
Name of the father of the cardholder – Applicable for individual cardholders.
Date of birth – The cardholder’s date of birth in case of an individual or date of registration is mentioned in case of company or firm.
Signature of the Individual – PAN card has individual signature as a proof required for financial transactions.
Photograph of the Individual – PAN card acts as a photo identity proof of the individual. In case of companies and firms, photogrpahs are not present on the card.